Text Size :
A A A

Mood Stabilizers

The Mood Stabilizers are a group of medications that are used to stabilize moods in Bipolar Disorder. They are used to treat Hypomanic, Manic, Mixed and Depressive Episodes that occur in Bipolar Disorder. These medications include:

Carbamazepine: Effective for treating Manic and Mixed Episodes. May be less effective for individuals experiencing Rapid Cycling, or for treating or preventing Depressive Episodes in Bipolar Disorder when used on its own [ref].

Lamotrigine: Effective for treating Depressive Episodes in Bipolar Disorder, and for preventing relapses into Depression, but not particularly effective for managing Hypomanic or Manic Episodes.

Lithium: Effective for treating and preventing Hypomanic and Manic Episodes, and Depressive Episodes in Bipolar Disorder. May be less effective for treating Mixed Episodes or Hypomanic/ Manic Episodes that include depressive symptoms [ref].

Oxcarbazepine: Has therapeutic properties that are similar to Carbamazepine.

Valproic Acid: Effective for treating and preventing Hypomanic, Manic and Mixed Episodes, Depressive Episodes in Bipolar Disorder, and Rapid Cycling.

 

Note: Antipsychotics are also effective at treating mood episodes in Bipolar Disorder, but they are not usually referred to as "Mood Stabilizers." Also, Gabapentin, Pregabalin and Topiramate are best categorized as anticonvulsants because their mood-stabilizing properties are not very evident.