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Anticonvulsants are a class of medications that were originally developed to control and treat convulsions, or seizures. Many of these medications have since been found to be beneficial for treating Bipolar Disorder, as well as a variety of other psychiatric conditions including Schizophrenia, certain Anxiety Disorders, and impulsive or agitated behaviors that can occur in Dementia, Eating Disorders, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, and Borderline Personality Disorder.

Anticonvulsants that are commonly used in psychiatry include Carbamazepine, Gabapentin, Lamotrigine, Levetiracetam, Oxcarbazepine, Topiramate, and Valproic Acid.