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Psychological and Social Factors Associated with Schizophrenia

People who experienced trauma and abuse as children have an increased risk of developing Schizophrenia [ref, ref].

Studies have also found that individuals with Schizophrenia who live in families that express more hostility, negativity and criticism tend to have more relapses into the active phase of the illness [ref].

Cross-national studies have shown that people with Schizophrenia living in developing countries tend to have a better course of their illness, with fewer relapses into the active phase and less severe symptoms, than people in Western industrialized nations [ref].  Although the reasons for this remain unknown, one hypothesis is that in developing countries there exist stronger communal bonds that keep people with Schizophrenia integrated into their communities more than in Western societies, and that this may help them cope better with their illness. People with Schizophrenia tend to become more marginalized in societies where there is greater emphasis placed on personal productivity and where the person's value and identity are based in large part on the career that they hold.


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Cannabis Use

Course and Prevalence