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Overview of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a disorder where people can have perceptions and fixed ideas that do not correspond to reality (called psychosis), act and speak in ways that seem bizarre or disorganized, and also become apathetic, socially withdrawn and have difficulties relating to others. This condition usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood and then in most cases persists throughout life. Close to one in every hundred individuals is affected by this illness [ref].

The causes of Schizophrenia continue to remain a mystery, though most authorities agree that it is a disease of the brain, possibly having to do with abnormalities in how the brain grows and develops in childhood and adolescence. Genetic and environmental factors are thought to play important roles in bringing about this condition.

Schizophrenia tends to be a cause of significant suffering and disability for those who have it. There are effective treatments that exist that help control the symptoms of this illness, though so far no cure exists.

 

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Core Symptoms