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Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a condition diagnosed in childhood and adolescence, and describes individuals who, for a period of at least 6 months, are found to be excessively antagonistic, hostile, defiant, and negativistic (doing the opposite of what other people ask).

In addition, four or more of the following symptoms must be present often and in a way that is excessive compared with how most children or adolescents of the same age or developmental level behave:

  • losing ones temper
  • arguing with adults
  • actively defying or refusing to comply with adults' requests or rules
  • deliberately annoying people
  • blaming others for one's mistakes or misbehavior
  • touchy or easily annoyed by others
  • angry and resentful
  • spiteful or vindictive

By definition, these symptoms cause a significant impairment in the individual's ability to function in their life roles at school, work, or in their relationships with peers and family.

This disorder should not be diagnosed if the symptoms only occur at the same time as an active Mood Disorder or Psychotic Disorder, or if a diagnosis of Conduct Disorder or Antisocial Personality Disorder can be made.


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Conduct Disorder