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Effects of Long-term Heavy Alcohol Use

When used in excess, especially over long periods of time, alcohol becomes a toxic substance with many serious health consequences. Drinking three or more drinks a day on a regular basis, or binging on alcohol to the point of getting drunk (blood alcohol content of about 0.1%) more than once a week, constitute heavy drinking.

The following are some of the health consequences caused by heavy long-term alcohol use that can affect people of all ages:

Psychiatric: Depressive Disorders, Anxiety Disorders and Sleep Disorders.

Neurological: Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, Vascular Dementia.

Liver: Fatty liver, which progresses to hepatitis and eventually cirrhosis and liver failure.

Gastrointestinal: Esophagitis, esophageal varices, pancreatitis, malnutrition (including low Thiamine).

Cardiovascular: Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular disease.

Cancer: Oral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, esophageal, liver, colorectal and breast cancer [ref, ref].

 

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Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol Withdrawal